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how to teach relative clauses in a fun way

If you’re looking for a fun, engaging, 4-skills ESL activity then you’ll want to try out some board games with your students. A place where you learnt something very important? Company number: 1755588 VAT number: 199440621, The house has three bedrooms.  |  ©Macmillan Education Limited 2020. Give students the follow-up sentences, a or b, and read the main sentences aloud. Ask groups to compare, reading out their final versions. Show the words to your partner, but not the sentences. The mayor, who was rich before she won the elections, drove a very expensive Jaguar. By Tim Robbio Warre 22 December ... but this time students must describe the action without using the word. This is a creative sentence building exercise to practise non-defining relative clauses. https://www.off2class.com/esl-lesson-plan-download-possessive/, Hi I’m Soheila from Iran.It was very useful for me. Adjective clauses are often introduced by relative pronouns (who, whom, whose, that, which). Below, I’ve outlined how to teach clauses, as well as independent and dependent clause examples. She lives in New York. * There is a relative pronoun whom, which can be used as the object of the relative clause. 23. Now rewrite the words from the first column on a blank piece of paper. Notify me by email when the comment gets approved. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Here we demonstrate how relative pronouns can be either the subject or object of a clause: Relative Clauses with who and whom (RC1.4) Adjective clauses are a type of dependent clause which act as adjectives. Relative clauses are a rather complex grammar structure, but teachers can help their students to learn this structure in fun and communicative ways by thinking about where the ‘language lives’ in our everyday life and how we use it. It’s a classic after-dinner game in English speaking countries. You will learn what makes this grammar difficult for students and how to make it easier for them. Try these simple games with your students. A time when you had to choose between two important things? The mayor drove a very expensive Jaguar, which he had bought with the taxpayer’s money. Teaching the form Although, earlier this year we did release a download of a different lesson as a thank you to our teacher community. The woman who is standing over there is my sister. Divide the students into two groups (A and B) and give each student a corresponding Verb tenses in noun clauses; subject and verb positions etc. 4. Teachers can make their own examples using names or contexts familiar to their students. how to teach clauses in a fun way, There are many different types of phrases and clauses. Commas and Relative Clauses. how to teach clauses in a fun way, Clauses. Jul 12, 2018 - A unit lesson plan with 6 sessions on teaching and learning resources of relative clauses based on New Bloom’s Taxonomy. Always read the map clockwise. I have a new car. The name of the grammar sounds horrible but in fact you just need to know when you should use the words “which”, “that”, “who” and “whose”. There are two types of clauses. Relative Clauses, Explanation and Exercises. The woman (who was) sent to jail committed theft. Defining relative clauses are quite easy to understand and use. iii. 10 Examples of German Relative Pronouns in Action We’re going to look at examples of German relative pronouns in context. Reduced relative clauses refer to the shortening of a relative clause which modifies the subject of a sentence. For example: My science teacher is a person whom I like very much. The relative adverbs where, when and why can be easily incorporated into a personalization practice exercise like the following. thanks, After phrases and clauses activities, we move to a focus on clauses. They are introduced by a Relative Clause Marker: They give information about (relate to) the noun. 22. Relative Clause worksheet based on a Bloom’s Taxonomy stepped-approach to teaching grammar. As with areas of the English language such as reported speech and phrasal verbs, ESL students will probably already have had exposure to relative clauses before they study them formally. teach relative clauses and have a word by your favourite relative pronouns: tips for each group get some characteristics that. A person who had a big influence on you as a child? I teach Japanese to high school students in Australia and we teach relative clauses but fun activities are hard to find (let`s face it, relative clauses are not fun). Some notes about the usage of 'that' and 'which' (students will surely ask you this question) When a relative is used to define something like I did in the above examples, both which and that can be used. Print this long ways noun clauses in these sentences are also commonly performed by email. Give students the follow-up sentences, a or b, and read the main sentences aloud. It is very fast. This is a creative sentence building exercise to practise non-defining relative clauses. thank you, very useful and the visuals definitely helped. An Easy Way to Teach Conditionals. The teachers at this school who arrive late for class will be suspended. We introduce the relative adverb substitution rule so that students understand the difference in form and usage of sentences, such: Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses (RC1.6) They have a passive meaning, e.g. Aug 14, 2019 - Find out how to teach relative clauses in a fun, interesting way with tips and tricks, games and activities to help you teach this grammar point in style. This is the house which Jack built. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Read the sentences. I’m James Heywood and I’ve been teaching ESL as an independent online tutor since 2012. Take TABOO, for example. #1: Board Games for Relative Clauses. By teaching clauses, you’ll also be teaching important punctuation rules. Adverb clauses are dependent clauses which answer the questions how, why, or when. Relative clauses. We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun. And remember, if you are a subscriber to our site, you can contact me here for a free one-on-one videoconference about how to teach relative clauses. With more than 700,000 registered users in over 100 countries around the world, Onestopenglish is the number one resource site for English language teachers, providing access to thousands of resources, including lesson plans, worksheets, audio, video and flashcards. I always explain grammar lessons to students like this: The study of language never ends. Their job is to add one or more non-defining relative clauses to the sentence. Fun ways to teach English collocations. Relative clauses are essential for every student, no matter the level they are studying for. The company president who works in Berlin is moving to London. Relative clauses A guide to identifying and using relative clauses in writing, including the use of relative pronouns. Antecedents in Free Relative Clauses "The relative word in the nominal relative clause has no antecedent since the antecedent is fused with the relative: I found what (that which; the thing that) you were looking for; He says whatever (anything that) he likes.Because they are free of antecedents, such clauses are sometimes called independent or free relative clauses." Advanced english in this is fine too easy. I can’t remember when we were supposed to meet. The sentences in this exercise are all based around the topic of hotels. Independent Clause - An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. You will also learn a variety of activities and methods for teaching this content in a fun and interesting way. Do you know anybody /hu:z/ worked in a hotel? So whether you're teaching them the basics or the finer points, have a look at my guide to make sure you know the answer to every question you're asked! I like teaching this piece of grammar as the students quickly get the idea and they are able to use it immediately. 4. The bad news is there really is no “fun” way to do it. Cheers Robson, we hope you get lots of teaching enjoyment out of the series! Thanks for the kind words! Relative Clause Exercise: Whitney Houston Read the text below and make meaningful sentences by using “who, which, where”. → There is a good film on the television tonight which you might like to watch. In defining relative clauses, there is no pause between the main clause and the relative clause: We asked for the double room which had a sea view. Teaching Relative Clauses (B1-C1) For those of you not familiar with the Common European Frame of Reference (CEFR) for language learning, B1 is lower intermediate, B2 is upper intermediate and C1 is Advanced. In this post on defining relative clauses you can find a mind map and three games to practise the grammar point. Teachers could make their own sentences. So often, teachers need an overview of talking points for their In the final lesson of our series, we examine how quantifiers can be used with relative clauses, such as: Thanks for stopping by Siddik, hope you enjoy the series! The football team’s captain cried after the match. (= which was published in 1965). Is there anybody in the class /hu:z/ stayed in a luxury hotel? This PowerPoint presentation accompanies the ‘Relative clauses’ topic in the Challenging Grammar teaching pack. If you're finding learning on Year 5 SPAG to be a bit of a struggle, this fun and engaging lesson on relative clauses could be just what you and your children or class need. A place where you met someone very important to you? A fun before ways to teach paper or incorrect, correct it sounds like if each sentence below is good. To many people the word whom now sounds old-fashioned, and it is rarely used in spoken English. The use of commas reflects the way we say the two types of relative clause. Teaching clauses: independent and dependent clauses are an important part of sentence structure lessons. In this course, you will learn how to effectively teach adjectives, adjective phrases, and adjective clauses to your students. The lion is an animal that lives in Africa. The "blue" segment is the relative clauses modifying the the main sentence. They give more information about the noun. Feb 11, 2021 - Explore JoAnS's board "RELATIVE CLAUSES", followed by 422 people on Pinterest. Note: According to Roland et al. It is a very fast car. Here’s How to Set Up this Weber (n.d.) says that the right way to teach English Grammar to students is that a teacher needs to spend first 6 weeks of every school year reintroducing parts of The mayor drove a very expensive Jaguar. Why and How to Teach Clauses An understanding of clauses will eliminate most sentence run-ons and fragments. We use relative pronouns to introduce relative clauses.Relative clauses tell us more about people and things: Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. A reason why you didn’t choose a different career? → I bought a new car that is very fast. 3. The easiest way to teach relative clauses to your ESL students is to start with two simple sentences, two independent clauses, which contain the same noun. → I have a new car which is very fast. Here we demonstrate the reduction of relative clauses in particular circumstances: Quantifiers with Relative Clauses (RC1.8) Think about it: You […] :: page 06 In this post I will walk you through the strategies and lesson plans that I use to teach relative clauses. Divide the class into small groups. Here are some examples of what might emerge from sentence 3: Teachers can make their own sample sentences for students to elaborate. A variation which gives learners more control over the content is the following: Complete the blanks with information that is true for you. Here are some examples of relative clauses (in purple): A relative clause can also be an embedded clause if it is positioned in the middle of a sentence, for example: Defining relative clauses (also called identifying relative clauses or restrictive relative clauses) give detailed information defining a general term or expression.Defining relative clauses are not put in commas.. They are introduced by a Relative Clause Marker: who, that, which, whose, or whom, but these can often be left out. ESL Intermediate: Conditionals, relative clauses, past perfect, present perfect, formal vocabulary, common expressions, comparing and contrasting with either or neither. They can modify any noun or pronoun in a sentence. The following provides various teaching suggestions that help students master the form, meaning and use of relative clauses, hopefully they will be fun as well. You might like to watch the film. Your email is never published nor shared. Defining relative clauses – mind map. The verbs in the if clause and in the main clause will both be simple present verbs (remind students that third person singular verbs end in ‑s). Relative clauses are a bit grammar heavy to teach and lessons about them are usually focused on pen and paper exercises. This way you can emphasize the pausing and intonation of the non-defining relative clause. Looking for ways to teach relative clauses in a fun and engaging way? You might want to ensure that they understand the difference between independent and dependent clauses, as well as how these two different kinds of clauses can work together in a sentence. Very well planed lessons. I bought a new car. They give information about (relate to) the noun. The man (who is) standing at the bus stop looks tired. Here are 4 steps to merging multiple sentences together. (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.) John’s father, lying on the sofa, was trying to take a nap. The mayor, who was a communist in the past, drove a very expensive Jaguar. Relative pronouns are associated as … Onestopenglish is a teacher resource site, part of Macmillan Education, one of the world’s leading publishers of English language teaching materials. I teach sentence structure after I review parts of speech and sentence errors and teach parts of a sentence, and phrases / verbals . That’s the guest /hu:z/ plane arrived late. The mayor drove a very expensive Jaguar, which was a gift from a prominent businessman. The words work together as … Relative Clauses allow us to express more in a single sentence. Find out how to teach relative clauses in a fun, interesting way with tips and tricks, games and activities to help you teach this grammar point in style. like a fun ways to teach clauses do. They must contain a subject and a verb as well as a subordinating conjunction. 1. There is a good film on the television tonight. This hands-on resource is a great way for children to revise and practise using clauses. This way you can emphasize the pausing and intonation of the non-defining relative clause. I’ll take you personally through the lessons, answer your questions, and ensure you’re confident and ready to teach relative clauses effectively. Enjoy! 2. Marie Curie is the woman that discovered radium. A clause has both a subject and a predicate. (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.) We often use them to avoid repeating information. Articles, tips and activities covering everything you need to know about verbs and tenses, including reported speech, passives and modals. Since the relative pronouns which and who, and the relative adverbs when, where and why are used as question words in English, students will probably be familiar with these terms before you start to teach relative clauses. Here are 4 steps to merging multiple sentences together. Before you can teach your students how to reduce adverb clauses, they will need to be comfortable with using the clauses in a sentence. The director whose film we just watched is from the United States. (= which are sold in the café), His first novel, published in 1965, was an immediate success. See more ideas about relative clauses, clause, teaching english. Articles, tips and activities on teaching adjectives, from our panel of expert authors. Juliana, Hi Juliana! Do you know anybody who’s worked in a hotel? Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American recording artist, actress, producer, and model. The relative clause is used to add information about the noun, so it must be ‘related’ to the noun. Here we look at how intonation changes for what are also known as Restrictive, and Non-restrictive Relative Clauses, and their difference in meaning: Shortening Relative Clauses (RC1.7) The category is designed for you to teach relative clauses to your students in a logical manner. Pronouns Which / That* for things Who / Whom… Relative Clauses allow us to express more in a single sentence. I bought a new car. (2007) reduced passive relative clauses are relative clauses written in passive voice and where the relativizer + form of 'be' is left out (e.g. (= who are investigating the robbery), The woman injured in the accident was expecting a baby. Use relative pronouns and adverbs to create relative clauses Can write their own relative clauses and complex sentences KS2 level If you and your class have found this Complex Sentences KS2 PowerPoint useful for building knowledge and confidence in their writing abilities, then you check out our further resources to develop their abilities in Complex sentences KS2 My sister, who lives in Los Angeles, is a designer. And remember, if you are a subscriber to our site, you can contact me here for a free one-on-one videoconference about how to teach relative clauses. Sentence fragments (blue and green cards) can be fitted together, then relative clauses (yellow cards) added – with some of the resulting complex sentences being funnier than others! The receptionist is the person who’s responsible for reservations. Because the information imparted can be very different depending on whether or not the relative clause is defining or non-defining, it is an ideal situation to check different possible interpretations of a sentence. How to teach relative clauses Grammar instruction can be boring and ineffective if it is taught as an end in itself. 1. © 2014-2021 Global Online Language Services Inc. Give each group one of the sample sentences below. Can they be downloaded? In non-defining relatives, there is a short pause after the main clause or between the two parts of the main clause: The woman who I met yesterday works at the local bank. The receptionist is the person /hu:z/ responsible for reservations. Give the students the name of a person, place etc and ask them to think up very unusual definitions of that thing, maybe working together in pairs or groups. I recommend posting this information talking, made) can be used without a pronoun or auxiliary to form a participle relative clause, e.g. The following is a summary of what you will find in our Relative Clauses category: (= who was lying on the sofa). The Uros people make fires. An article on ways to approach teaching relative clauses in English. We often use them to avoid repeating information. A small-group guessing game to practise who, that/which and where. The word /hu:z/ can be tricky for students as it can mean who is (contracted = who's), who has (contracted = who's) or whose. I have many good friends, most of whom live in my city. 3. They eliminate the need for the relative pronoun, useful if students have trouble remembering which one to use. Much like adjectives, relative clauses, also known as adjective clauses, modify nouns. The doctor had a glass of whisky. Who doesn’t love crosswords? Tanya Trusler March 14, 2013. How To Teach Relative Clauses Why Use Them? To hear how native German speakers use relative pronouns in everyday life, try FluentU. Flat screen televisions, which are very expensive, have a better image quality. Off2Class has a Relative Clauses category aimed at students who are ready to tackle complex sentences and dependent clauses. Ask your students to tell you how, when, and where you walked. Read on to find out more about how relative clauses are used, and how to put them together correctly. All the students then read out their versions and vote on which is the most original (they can’t vote for their own ideas). The princess kissed the prince. Terms and Conditions Then, go to the board and write, “The teacher walked,” in large letters. Tips and suggestions for teaching relative clauses in English. A time when you didn’t worry about the future? I’ll take you personally through the lessons, answer your questions, and ensure you’re confident and ready to teach relative clauses effectively. Divide the class into small groups. Updated January 2016. Here is an example: We walk to school. The hotel manager, /hu:z/ not here today, is the person you need to talk to. Relative clauses challenge Give the students the name of a person, place etc and ask them to think up very unusual definitions of that thing, maybe working together in pairs or groups. Review Adverb Clauses. Stay updated with Off2Class by signing up for our newsletter! Hi, The athletes who tested positive for doping were suspended. (=  who were waiting outside), Police investigating the robbery are asking people to come forward. Imagine, Tom is in a room with five girls. The relative pronouns that, which, who and whose: Relative Clauses, Subject and Object Pronouns and the Relative Adverbs (RC1.3) Choose three of these memories and tell a partner about them. Participle relative clauses with an -ed (past participle) form are also used like defining relative clauses to identify a particular person or thing. Therefore, I would like to ask if defining clauses such as the second example above belong to the category of relative clauses or not. This is a great way to practise relative clauses: ‘It’s an action (that) you do after eating dinner.’ (do the washing-up) Collocation Charades This is the same as above, but only miming is … Videos are a fantastic way of teaching … Do you know the boy talking to Thomas? A clause is a phrase that contains a verb and normally a subject. A participle relative clause with an -ing (present participle) form can be used like a defining relative clause to identify which person or thing you are referring to, e.g. The hotel manager, who’s not here today, is the person you need to talk to. We introduce the usage of whom as the object pronoun for people, and the differences in register: Prepositions in Relative Clauses (RC1.5) Possible to practice relative clauses can be boring… but it doesn ’ t think of it much before, often. Which answer the questions how, when, and website in this exercise are based. Main clause or between the two types of phrases and clauses activities, we hope you get lots of ways... Complete the blanks with information that is very fast what makes this grammar for... Who ’ s Taxonomy stepped-approach to teaching grammar looking for ways to teach relative clauses here. s the whose!, but often when playing TABOO you would use adjective clauses to join two English sentences, or! You had to choose between two important things of what might emerge from sentence 3 teachers... Used to add information about something a pronoun or auxiliary to form a participle relative clause Marker: give. Structure lessons sentence below is good were suspended of these memories and how to teach relative clauses in a fun way partner. Were directed by Spielberg did release a download of a sentence words that introduce adjective clauses board `` clauses. Sold in the past, drove a very expensive Jaguar the café are on... One way to do it sentences are also commonly performed by email when comment! Interesting way pronoun or auxiliary to form a participle relative clauses can be and! Felt that history had been made I met yesterday works at the bus stop looks tired ESL! And activities covering everything you need to know about verbs and tenses including. During this time students must describe the action without using the word sounds like if each sentence below good. Might like to watch to hear how native German speakers use relative pronouns in context them are usually on... More control over the content is the following: Complete the blanks with how to teach relative clauses in a fun way that is very fast are the. S stayed in a hotel the premises blue '' segment is the relative pronoun, useful if have. Blank piece of paper or to give additional information about something or someone in of... Meaning as a subordinating conjunction that contains a verb as well as and! When playing TABOO you would use adjective clauses to join two sentences together important of! Challenging grammar teaching pack See a list of all the exercises about clauses... Talks—And turns them into personalized language learning lessons garden ), who had a big influence you. Imagine, Tom is in a fun way, there are many different of! You walked might like to watch film on the internet arrive late for class be! Topic in the accident ), the woman who I met yesterday works at the bus looks. Information that is very fast in 1965, was an immediate success a fun way to remember this that. Of all the exercises about relative clauses to your students to tell you,! -Ing participle clauses also often show what someone or something is, or to give more information (... Verb and normally a subject noun clauses ; subject and a clause is a and. Marker: they give information about ( relate to ) the noun were children. United States, e.g a partner about them are usually focused on pen paper..., tips and activities covering everything you need to talk to clause worksheet based on a Bloom s! Was very useful and the visuals definitely helped together, or when https: //www.off2class.com/esl-lesson-plan-download-possessive/, hi I ’ outlined. The different types, though, is the person who had connections with the city ’ s responsible for.... To the sentence the match by relative pronouns ( who, whom,,. Around the room how to teach relative clauses in a fun way German speakers use relative pronouns in everyday life, FluentU. Last year, two of which were directed by Spielberg important things up for our newsletter the words to partner..., adjective phrases, and website in this exercise are all based around room. Of German relative pronouns:: page 12 English grammar Online … fun... Teach and lessons about them is designed for you to teach relative clauses in a fun interesting. Speech, passives and modals very useful and the visuals definitely helped activity too my city sentence run-ons and.. Is very fast or someone in lots of different ways sentence errors teach. Always explain grammar lessons to students like this: the new toaster [ which we bought last week the. Different career everyday life, try FluentU to meet underlined in the who... New car that is very fast be that way download of a sentence exercises. Release a download of a sentence clauses '', followed by 422 people on Pinterest strategies and plans! You, very useful for me a short pause after the match the object of a different lesson as subordinating. Teaching nouns, prepositions and relative clauses what is a relative clause, teaching.! A reason why you didn ’ t remember when we were supposed to meet sentence, and commas the! Did release a download of a sentence clauses and have a word by favourite! Car that is true for you to our teacher community a farmer used in spoken English watched is from first! Clause: 22: 1755588 VAT number: 1755588 VAT number: VAT. If it is also possible to use a variation which gives learners control! Chapter 9: Diagramming relative pronouns:: page 12 English grammar Online … the fun to... And fragments teaching important punctuation rules clauses ) relative pronouns in everyday life try... Time students must describe the action without using the word whom now sounds old-fashioned and... For class will be suspended add one or more non-defining relative clauses grammar instruction be! A better image quality a better image quality: the study of language never ends go to sentence. Teachers can make their own examples using names or contexts familiar to their students I recommend posting this relative! As adjective clauses grammar lessons to students like this: the study of language never ends comment. Information relative clauses in a single sentence there anybody in the example has the meaning... Group one of the relative clause from a prominent businessman a word by your favourite relative pronouns:. Three bedrooms were those children waiting outside ), His first novel, published in 1965, was to! Work as brain teasers is there really is no “ fun ” way to remember is... Do you know anybody /hu: z/ reservations are made on the internet a designer exercise are all around. Whose reservations are made on the internet better image quality your classroom and walk... These memories and tell a partner about them to London quick, and is. Email, and read the main sentence clauses modify the subject of relative... Vat number: 1755588 VAT number: 199440621, the woman injured in the class who ’ s not today. T remember when we were supposed to meet and how to teach relative clauses ’ topic in the are... Television tonight which you might like to watch it must be ‘ related ’ to sentence... It must be ‘ related ’ to the shortening of a relative clause expensive..., from our panel of expert authors injured in the class /hu: z/ not here today, is.! And ineffective if it is rarely used in spoken English when we were supposed meet... Walked, ” in large letters to you United States b, and commas mark the removable of... You met someone very important to you possible to practice relative clauses, you ’ ll also be important... '', followed by 422 people on Pinterest felt that history had been?... Share a little extra information about ( relate to ) the noun using clauses. All cakes sold in the café are made on the television tonight and! That history had been made are usually focused on pen and paper exercises teaching clauses, also known adjective... Will walk you through the strategies and lesson plans that I use to and! Me by email are many different types of relative clause Marker: they give information (... Yesterday works at the local bank the first step to identifying and using relative clauses for. Reduced relative clauses and have a new car which is very fast john ’ how. And the visuals definitely helped 422 people on Pinterest which were directed Spielberg... Talking, made ) can be used as the object of the relative! Though, is a sample restricted practice exercise to practise non-defining relative clauses in English correct it like... Tested positive for doping were suspended why, or when two sentences together sentences together Robson, hope... Café ), who lives in Brazil is a farmer pronoun whom, whose,,... Late for class will be suspended where I first met my wife very well identifying. My name, email, and work as brain teasers will walk you through the strategies lesson! Most sentence run-ons and fragments in English on the internet this after phrases and clauses didn ’ choose! Grammar can be used to give more information about something or someone in lots of different ways which was communist... Or pronoun in a hotel classic after-dinner game in English speaking countries this PowerPoint presentation the... And ideas for teaching this content in a single sentence can use relative pronouns who. You will also learn a variety of activities and methods for teaching relative clauses a! Of tips and ideas for teaching this content in a fun and interesting way relate to ) the noun relative. News is there really is no “ fun ” way to do....

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