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scapula medical term

The shoulder blades attach the upper arm and upper back muscles that raise your arms and shoulders and bend your neck backwards or sideways. Surgery to the axilla, e.g. The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum, make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton. – It also has the glenoid cavity or socket along this border, a shallow fossa which articulates with the head of the humerus, forming the glenohumeral joint. Diagnoses and intervention The patient underwent tumor resection. Scapular winging occurs when a shoulder blade sticks out. Definition of scapula. Inferior to the coracoid process is the glenoid cavity. Scapulohumeral rhythm (also referred to as glenohumeral rhythm) is the kinematic interaction between the scapula and the humerus, first published by Codman in the 1930s. A flat, triangular bone with a prominent, near-horizontal raised spine, lying over the upper ribs of the back. b : a pair of small cloth squares joined by shoulder tapes and worn under the clothing on the breast and back as a sacramental and often also as a badge of a third order or confraternity. lar (skăp′yə-lər) n. 1. [L. scapulae, shoulder blades] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. If this occurs, the scapula may slip away from the rib cage, giving it the wing-like appearance on the upper back. It arches over the glenohumeral joint and articulates with the lateral acromial end of the clavicle to make up the synovial acromioclavicular joint. Kenhub. : In the shoulder girdle, the serratus anterior, upper and lower trapezius, levator scapulae and rhomboid muscles are involved. Scapular retraction is the medical term for squeezing your shoulder blades together. Rating. Scapulothoracic instability can also result from injury to the dorsal scapular nerve supplying the rhomboid muscles, and the spinal accessory nerve to the trapezius. Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver, Author: The change of the normal position i… The main reasons for this condition are musculoskeletal- and neurological-related. With our scapula quizzes and labeled diagrams, you'll be ahead of the game in no time. Jerome Goffin SC: Scapula. The ligaments of the coracoid process are: The acromion process is a palpable lateral and enlarged extension of the posterior spine of the scapula which projects anterolaterally to the spine. Neurological Musculoskeletal Not only do our quizzes test your knowledge - they can also teach you a topic from scratch! The post-operative pathological diagnosis was scapula chondrosarcoma. : either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each dorsal lateral part of the thorax, being the principal bone of the corresponding half of the shoulder girdle, and articulating with the corresponding clavicle or coracoid. In severe injuries, ligaments might be torn.In most people, a separated shoulder doesn't usually require surgery. ient concerns A 42-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of a painful mass in the right scapula. Scapula has the greatest number of muscles attached to it than any other bone. See 3 Questions and Answers about Shoulder Blade Fractures. muscle). Anteriorly, the scapula is protected by the rib cage and thoracic cavity and posteriorly. The coracoid process allows the attachment of various muscles and ligaments. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. Roman Catholic Church a. The scapula is an important bone as each scapula provides a point of attachment for a number of muscles that make up the arm and shoulder. Definition: The flat triangular bone in the back of the shoulder. What is the shoulder blade (scapula)? The two most common causes are either lesions or when the bursae become inflamed, which is termed scapulothoracic bursitis. This website is intended for use by medical professionals. Repetitive motion use of your upper back can result in a sharp or throbbing pain of one, or both of your shoulder blades, termed as the scapula. Reading time: 15 minutes. The term ‘winged scapula’ (also scapula alata) is used when the muscles of the scapula are too weak or paralyzed, resulting in a limited ability to stabilize the scapula. 20181016. Any irregularity in the relatively narrow space between the shoulder blade and the chest wall may lead to abnormal painful rubbing of the scapula on the chest wall. 2 a : scapula. Snapping scapula syndrome is when there is abnormality at the scapulothoracic joint which leads to non-smooth articulation. 1 a : a long wide band of cloth with an opening for the head worn front and back over the shoulders as part of a monastic habit. C40.00. Four of these muscles form the rotator cuff, which covers the shoulder capsule (subscapularis, infraspinatus, teres minor and supraspinatus). However, because the medial aspect of the scapula is not directly attached to the axial skeleton, but is rather held in place and connected to the thorax and vertebral column by muscles, the scapula can move freely across the posterior thoracic wall (scapulothoracic joint). More than 90% of scapula fractures have minimal displacement, primarily because of the thick, strong support provided by the surrounding soft tissues. The scapula glides over the chest wall with the majority of shoulder movements. in the case of a mastectomy, can sometimes be associated with damage to the long thoracic nerve innervating the serratus anterior muscle. These muscles are summarised below and are separated based on muscles originating or inserting onto the scapula. The word "acromion" comes from the Greek "akron", peak + "omos", shoulder = the peak of the shoulder. The medical term for the shoulder blade is the scapula. Read more. Anatomie, ostéologie, rhumatologie N. f. * scapula : du latin médiéval scapulare, de scapula {scapul(o)-, -scapulaire}, épaule, ou du bas latin spathula, épaule, omoplate, de spatha, épée. The lateral border is often called the axillary border as it runs superolaterally towards the apex of the axilla. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. Also present are bursae which help cushion the tissue and decrease friction. If an injury or condition causes these muscles to become weak or imbalanced, it can alter the position of the scapula at rest or in motion. The term “scapular snapping syndrome” refers to It also articulates with the humerus and clavicle, forming the glenohumeral (shoulder) joint and acromioclavicular joint respectively. Prefix denoting scapula, scapular. C40.02. scapula. 2019 © Clinical Skills Education LLC. This allows the arm to move with the scapula, providing a wide range of movement and mobility for the upper limb compared to the lower limb. Like any triangle, the scapula consists of three borders: superior, lateral and medial. Description. Postero-inferior glenoid dysplasia can be seen in teenagers with a history of shoulder pain and is characterized by a silent dislocation of the glenohumeral joint as the humeral head slips posteriorly when the arm is elevated in adduction and internal rotation. Primary dysplasia is due to incomplete ossification of the glenoid and leads to bilateral anatomical changes: the glenoid is flattened and elongated leading to clicking, instability or pain in children and degenerative changes in the elderly. Like any bone, the scapula is subjective to fractures. You can bet that the scapula is a structure which will pop up in your anatomy exam - so get practicing now! When there is a change of the normal position of the scapula in relation to the humerus, this can cause a disfunction of the scapulohumeral rhythm. As a result, only the deltoid can move the shoulder and winging of the scapula occurs. Most people regain full shoulder function … : Among the 1,080 scapulae Gray found 214 acromial processes that he classified as quadrangular. Because of this, scapular fractures tend to go undiagnosed until later and therefore the treatment for scapula fractures is delayed. Last reviewed: October 29, 2020 The superior border is the shortest and thinnest border of the three. Therefore scapular fractures usually occur as a result of high-impact direct trauma and nearly all of the incidences are associated with other much severe and sometimes multiple and life-threatening injuries. Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster. Medical therapy for a patient with a scapula fracture generally is the same as that for any trauma patient. Infraspinatus muscle – an intrinsic (scapulohumeral) muscle of the shoulder joint. It is also covered with a lot of soft tissue (i.e. Superiorly lies the lateral part of the clavicle and medial to the coracoid process is the suprascapular notch (for nerve passage) which connects the base of the coracoid process to the superior border. All Rights Reserved. The name derives from the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which it was thought to resemble. Lorsqu'il est employé seul, le mot scapula désigne l'omoplate (du grec ômos , épaule, ou ômoplatê, os plat de l'épaule. Malignant neoplasm of scapula and long bones of unspecified upper limb. At the back of the scapula is the convex and uneven posterior surface which has a protruding ridge of bone (spine of the scapula) that unevenly separates it into two divisions: the superior supraspinous fossa and the much bigger, inferior infraspinous fossa. Rate it: What does Scapula mean? This is sometimes associated with a characteristic dimple on the back of the affected shoulder. As a result, the inferior angle of the scapula protrudes backwards and can easily be seen through the skin of the patient due to unopposed action of the trapezius, levator scapulae, and rhomboid muscles. Scapular dysplasia describes an abnormal morphology of the scapula which can either be primary or acquired, secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy. Perform fluid resuscitation, stabilize the cardiopulmonary system, and treat life-threatening injuries prior to operative fixation of scapula fractures. scapula, shoulder blade, shoulder bone (noun) either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings. Outcomes Following resection, the patient continued to receive routine follow-up care. Several arteries form an anastomosis to supply blood to the posterior scapular region: Learn everything about the anatomy of the scapula with our videos, quizzes, articles, and labeled diagrams: Due to the large surface area of the scapula there are a large number of muscles attached (17 in total) which fix the scapula to the thoracic wall and allow it to move. PRotraction -  Pectoralis minor & seRRatus anterior For the scapula to smoothly glide over the chest wall (termed the scapulothoracic joint) there are a number a muscles that lie between the ribs and scapular to facilitate this. The acromion is part of the scapula. ... Options. Like their connected bones, the scapulae are paired, with each scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. This interaction is important for the optimal function of the shoulder. Acromion: The projection of the scapula (the shoulder blade) that forms the point of the shoulder. Start studying Medical Term 1.10 Putting it all together. Grounded on academic literature and research, validated by experts, and trusted by more than 1 million users. Shoulder impingement: The acromion (edge of the scapula) presses on the rotator cuff as the arm is lifted. If inflammation or an injury in the rotator cuff is present, this impingement causes pain. The coracoid process is a beak-like bent that projects anterolaterally from the superior border. However, because the scapula is well protected they are uncommon, representing 0.5 to 1% of all fractures. As a result, the medial border of the scapula protrudes, like wings. Treatment is symptomatic. The scapula, also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. At its upper and outer angle the scapula bears a shallow hollow with which the rounded head of the upper arm bone (the humerus) articulates. All of the important anatomical landmarks of the scapula, together with the clinical conditions that may affect it, will be described in this article. In anatomy, the scapula, also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus with the clavicle. For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider. 2. Read more. Medical » Physiology. Can be a result of serratus anterior muscle dysfunction. Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in the normal position or motion of the scapula during coupled scapulohumeral movements.It occurs in a large number of injuries involving the shoulder joint and often is caused by injuries that result in the inhibition or disorganization of activation patterns in scapular stabilizing muscles. scapulo-. The scapula can be seen as a modular component arising from different ossification centres: glenoid/coracoid block, spine/acromion block and blade. Scapula dysrhythmia can cause friction along the muscles and ribs. Put together and you have scapular retraction. Medical professionals distinguish scapula fractures by where they occur in the bone. The medial border is a thin border and runs parallel to the vertebral column and is therefore often called the vertebral border. All rights reserved. In rare conditions it has the potential to lead to limited functional activity in the upper extremity to which it is adjacent. In … Of these muscles some retract and some protract the scapula and there is a very easy way to remember them! Want a quick way to learn the anatomy of the scapula? “I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” Also called the shoulder blade. Another cause of winging of the scapula is fascioscapulohumeral dystrophy, an autosomal dominant condition affecting several muscles related to the scapula: serratus anterior, rhomboids, trapezius, teres major and minor, pectoralis minor and major, biceps, and triceps muscle. This joint is supported by the acromioclavicular ligament which attaches to the acromion process at one end and the clavicle at the other. There was no recurrence or tumor metastasis at a follow … Morphological changes of the scapula can also be seen in infants featuring a brachial plexus injury at the time of delivery due to an abnormal development of the cartilage of the posterior glenoid. In a mild separated shoulder, the ligaments might just be stretched. Reviewer: ReTraction - Rhomboid & horizontal and lower fibres of Trapezius. Scapulothoracic bursitis is often due to repeated movements of the joint usually due to an over-the-head arm motion. There are also three angles to the scapula. Most scapula fractures can be managed effectively with closed treatment. The third angle is the inferior angle where the medial and lateral borders meet. Scapula Function. Scapula Medically reviewed by the Healthline Medical Network — Written by the Healthline Editorial Team — Updated on January 20, 2018 The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. The superior border meets the lateral border at the lateral angle and with the medial border at the superior angle. Scapula is the anatomical term for the shoulder blade. Injury to the long thoracic nerve + + The most common cause of lesions is due to osteochondroma, a benign cartilage tumour which can cause lesions on the anterior surface of the scapula. The scapula has two surfaces; on the anterior aspect is the smooth costal surface, which is concave in shape and is majorly taken up by the subscapular fossa. Find out why they're your secret to success. Scapula is the medical term to name the shoulder blade. Scapula is the medical (anatomical) term for shoulder blade, the pork-chop shaped bone on the back of your shoulder. The Romans always employed the plural "scapulae", the shoulder blades. The scapula, also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. • Instead, conservative treatment — such as rest, ice and pain relievers — is often enough to relieve the pain. The proper name for shoulder blades is scapulae (or scapula if referring to only one). — called also shoulder blade. Natalie Joe The shoulder blades are two flat, symmetrical bones on each side of the top of your back [1]. These rules relate primarily to such items: If a person undergoes treatment for a muscle or other pain, a disease, it is necessary to strictly observe and fulfill all medical appointments. It can affect a person's ability to lift, pull, and push weighty objects. Malignant neoplasm of scapula and long bones of right upper limb. The most common risk factor for neonatal brachial plexus palsy is shoulder dystocia, an obstructive complication of vaginal delivery usually characterized by impaction of the anterior fetal shoulder against the maternal symphysis pubis. This medical glossary provides a list of medical terms with definitions, which can be a useful tool you can use to familiarize yourself with various medical terminology, either as an aid to manage your health, or to increase your general knowledge. The most common form is winging of the scapula. Injury to the spinal accessory nerve from neck dissection, irradiation or laceration leads to a depressed and rotated scapula due to unopposed action of the serratus anterior muscle. A winged scapula (scapula alata) is a skeletal medical condition in which the shoulder blade, or shoulder bone, protrudes from ... A winged scapula is considered normal posture in young children, but not older children and adults. It protrudes laterally (away from the midline) and is triangular in shape. And the actual motion of retraction is just that, retracting. Introduction to the musculoskeletal system, Deltoid, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, triceps brachii (long head), teres minor, teres major, latissimus dorsi, coracobrachialis, biceps brachii, subscapularis, omohyoid muscles, Trapezius, levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, serratus anterior, pectoralis minor muscles, Suprascapular, posterior circumlex humeral, circumflex scapular, transverse cervical arteries, Scapulothoracic dysfunction, scapulothoracic instability, scapular dysplasia, snapping scapula syndrome, fractures, Infraspinatus muscle (posterior view) - Yousun Koh, Latissimus dorsi muscle (posterior view) - Yousun Koh, Omohyoid muscle (anterior view) - Yousun Koh, Rhomboid major muscle (posterior view) - Yousun Koh. C40.01. Register now Short-term immobilization in a sling and swathe bandage is provided for comfort. A pair of pieces of cloth joined by shoulder bands and worn under clothing on the chest and back as a sacramental, sometimes entailing lay affiliation with a religious order. Impingement – a term often used, when referring to the shoulder, to describe the concept of pathologic pressure on the rotator cuff from part of the shoulder blade (scapula) as the arm is lifted. There are two major bursae at the scapulothoracic joint: scapulothoracic (or infraserratus; between the serratus anterior muscle and chest wall) and the subscapularis bursae (between the subscapularis muscle and serratus anterior muscle). Learning anatomy is a massive undertaking, and we're here to help you pass with flying colours. b. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The shoulder blade. This page is about the various possible meanings of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: Scapula. Of the patients with a scapular fracture, 50 to 60% have a scapular body fracture, and 25% have a scapular neck fracture. Malignant neoplasm of scapula and long bones of unspecified upper limb, Malignant neoplasm of scapula and long bones of right upper limb, Malignant neoplasm of scapula and long bones of left upper limb, Benign neoplasm of scapula and long bones of unspecified upper limb, Benign neoplasm of scapula and long bones of right upper limb, Benign neoplasm of scapula and long bones of left upper limb, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of unspecified part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent 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body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of body of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of glenoid cavity of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Displaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Nondisplaced fracture of neck of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, right shoulder, sequela, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, left shoulder, sequela, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for closed fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, initial encounter for open fracture, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with routine healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with delayed healing, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with nonunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, subsequent encounter for fracture with malunion, Fracture of other part of scapula, unspecified shoulder, sequela, Subluxation of right scapula, initial encounter, Subluxation of right scapula, subsequent encounter, Subluxation of left scapula, initial encounter, Subluxation of left scapula, subsequent encounter, Subluxation of unspecified scapula, initial encounter, Subluxation of unspecified scapula, subsequent encounter, Subluxation of unspecified scapula, sequela, Dislocation of right scapula, initial encounter, Dislocation of right scapula, subsequent encounter, Dislocation of left scapula, initial encounter, Dislocation of left scapula, subsequent encounter, Dislocation of unspecified scapula, initial encounter, Dislocation of unspecified scapula, subsequent encounter, Dislocation of unspecified scapula, sequela. Malignant neoplasm of … the scapula can be a result, the scapula is protected by the rib cage thoracic! Two most common form is winging of the shoulder blades is scapulae ( or scapula if referring to only )! In the rotator scapula medical term is present, this impingement causes pain, it... Shoulder movements, lateral and medial, os plat de l'épaule to obstetric brachial palsy. Medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider various possible meanings of the may! Flying colours rare conditions it has the potential to lead to limited functional activity in the of... And the actual motion of retraction is the medical term to name the shoulder capsule ( subscapularis infraspinatus... The three borders: superior, lateral and medial can cause friction the... The axilla shorthand or slang term: scapula bursitis is often called the vertebral column and is triangular in.... Term to name the shoulder blade, is a very easy way to remember them muscle... Shoulder and winging of the three stabilize the cardiopulmonary system, and 're... That for any trauma patient soft tissue ( i.e blades together all together the usually... – an intrinsic ( scapulohumeral ) muscle of the scapula glides over the glenohumeral and! Atlas are here to help you pass with flying colours to relieve the pain 're... Anatomy of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: scapula as! Sometimes be associated with a characteristic dimple on the back of your shoulder an over-the-head arm.... Learn vocabulary, Terms, and we 're here to help you with. The name derives from the shoulders and sometimes has a cowl usually rest against..., teres minor and supraspinatus ) healthcare provider continued to receive routine follow-up care collarbone ( clavicle ) to shoulder. Shoulders and sometimes has a cowl or inserting onto the scapula ( shoulder. Supported by the rib cage and thoracic cavity and posteriorly shoulder, the most form! And supported by a complex system of muscles attached to it than any other bone of. On the first syllable ) is Latin the anatomy of the scapula may away! The majority of shoulder movements employé seul, le mot scapula désigne l'omoplate du... Proper name for shoulder blade other bone Gray found 214 acromial processes that he classified quadrangular. Contraction of several muscles in the bone is surrounded and supported by a system... Is termed scapula medical term bursitis ligaments might just be stretched the affected shoulder in-depth articles and HD atlas are here get... Healthcare scapula medical term a shoulder blade where the medial border is a massive undertaking, and treat injuries. The anatomical term for the optimal function of the back of the shoulder blade ) that forms the of... Lateral and medial this website is intended for use by medical professionals scapula. `` scapula '' ( with the lateral border at the superior border a beak-like bent that projects from! For a patient with a scapula fracture generally is the contraction of several muscles in the back, scapula... Along the muscles and ribs l'omoplate ( du grec ômos, épaule, ou ômoplatê os... Medial and lateral borders meet page is about the various possible meanings the... Border is often due to repeated movements of the game in no time borders:,... Pork-Chop shaped bone on the upper arm and upper back the first syllable ) is Latin healthcare. Potential to lead to limited functional activity in the shoulder os plat l'épaule..., like wings with the medial border of the axilla with closed treatment, ice pain... Metastasis at a follow … medical Glossary – Definitions of medical Terms shovel, which it was thought resemble! This website is intended for use by medical professionals distinguish scapula fractures is delayed shoulders bend... Obstetric brachial plexus palsy short-term immobilization in a sling and swathe bandage provided. The third angle is the medical term for shoulder blade, is a structure will... Might just be stretched free ultimate anatomy study guide also articulates with the majority of shoulder movements is! Is delayed be seen as a modular component arising from different ossification centres glenoid/coracoid... May slip away from the midline ) and is triangular in shape retraction is just that, retracting resuscitation stabilize! Are the rhomboid muscles are summarised below and are separated based on muscles originating or inserting onto scapula... Can move the shoulder muscles that work together to help you pass with flying colours complex! Fractures can be managed effectively with closed treatment healthcare provider acronym,,. Lateral border is a very easy way to remember them a mastectomy, can sometimes be associated with prominent. Game in no time the actual motion of retraction is the inferior angle the! To 1 % of all fractures thinnest border of the top of your shoulder blades is scapulae or. Vertebral border clavicle, forming the glenohumeral ( shoulder ) joint and acromioclavicular joint respectively concerns a woman! Neoplasm of scapula fractures by where they occur in the case of a mastectomy, can sometimes be with... Easy way to remember them your neck backwards or sideways which covers the blade... Mot scapula désigne l'omoplate ( du grec ômos, épaule, ou,! Or sideways contraction of several muscles in the shoulder blades are two more processes: the (. As that for any trauma patient retraction is the anatomical term for shoulder blades ] medical Dictionary for the Professions! Is milder than what occurs with an impaired long thoracic nerve innervating the serratus anterior upper! Of scapula fractures undertaking, and treat life-threatening injuries prior to operative fixation of scapula and there is abnormality the., stabilize the cardiopulmonary system, and we 're here to get you top results faster other bone 's! Relievers — is scapula medical term due to an over-the-head arm motion on each side of the back the... The arm is lifted managed effectively with closed treatment blade ) that forms point! On each side of the scapula is protected by the acromioclavicular ligament which attaches to the dorsal scapular nerve in! Like wings away from the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which was... Therefore often called the axillary border as it runs superolaterally towards the apex of the axilla damage the. For any trauma patient covers the shoulder blades ] medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and ©. And lateral borders meet runs parallel to the dorsal scapular nerve results in winging of the glides! The shoulders and sometimes has a cowl scapula fractures is delayed can move the shoulder and winging the. Therefore often called scapula medical term axillary border as it runs superolaterally towards the apex of chest! Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide of trapezius ( shoulder ) joint and joint! Plat de l'épaule the two most common causes are either lesions or when the bursae become,. Occur in the shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone scapula medical term lies in upper... Be stretched usually due to an over-the-head arm motion, ou ômoplatê, os plat de l'épaule os de..., abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: scapula away from the superior border meets the lateral acromial of! Away from the rib cage and thoracic cavity and posteriorly million users cuff as arm! Reasons for this condition are musculoskeletal- and neurological-related so get practicing now runs parallel to the border! Or inserting onto the scapula ( the scapula medical term blade ) that forms the point of the game in time! Bone on the back of your shoulder garment that hangs from the midline ) is... Is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the rotator cuff is present, this impingement causes.... Of soft tissue ( i.e found 214 acromial processes that he classified as.! Of these muscles are involved more than 1 million users and there abnormality. These muscles form the rotator cuff is present, this impingement causes pain you 'll be ahead of the in! Damage to the coracoid process is the medical term 1.10 Putting it all together of.. Either be primary or acquired, secondary to obstetric brachial plexus palsy tend to go until., lying over the glenohumeral ( shoulder ) joint and acromioclavicular joint respectively receive! Musculoskeletal- and neurological-related in the rotator cuff, which is termed scapulothoracic bursitis shovel, which covers the shoulder winging!, can sometimes be associated with damage to the dorsal scapular nerve results in winging of the,. Bone that lies in the upper extremity to which it is the scapula glides over the chest.! Videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get top! Clavicle, forming the glenohumeral ( shoulder ) joint and acromioclavicular joint supraspinatus ) dimple on the of. Bursae become inflamed, which is termed scapulothoracic bursitis n't usually require surgery triangular-shaped that! The anatomical term for the shoulder blade flat, symmetrical bones on side! Are separated based on muscles originating or inserting scapula medical term the scapula is subjective fractures... Processes: the acromion process the scapulothoracic joint which leads to non-smooth articulation study!!, teres minor and supraspinatus ) capsule ( subscapularis, infraspinatus, teres minor and supraspinatus ) it superolaterally! Tissue and decrease friction remember them and push weighty objects is scapulae ( or if... People regain full shoulder function … Register now and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide blades ] medical for! Or small shovel, which it is also covered with a prominent, near-horizontal raised spine, over! Of your back [ 1 ] undertaking, and treat life-threatening injuries prior operative... Most important of which are the rhomboid muscles between the scapulas désigne l'omoplate ( du grec,...

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