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metatarsal medical definition

The metatarsals are convex bones of the forefoot consisting of a head, neck, shaft, and base. View the pronunciation for metatarsal. ... Synonyms. Read medical definition of Metatarsal. [4], The base of each metatarsal bone articulates with one or more of the tarsal bones at the tarsometatarsal joints, and the head with one of the first row of phalanges at the metatarsophalangeal joints. The base of each metatarsal articulates with one or more of the tarsal bones and the head articulates with the proximal phalanges. 3 words related to metatarsal: bone, os, metatarsus. The lengths of the metatarsal bones in humans are, in descending order: second, third, fourth, fifth and first. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. "Metatarsus" redirects here. You might need an X-ray to identify or rule out a stress fracture or other foot problems. Antonyms for metatarsal. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions ... Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the ... Full article >>> Metatarsalgia is a common overuse injury described as pain in the forefoot associated with increased stress over the metatarsal head region. See more. Synonyms for Metatarsals in Free Thesaurus. Bone, Metatarsal Bones, Metatarsal Metatarsal Metatarsal Bone Metatarsals. Introduction: Metatarsal Description of Metatarsal. Metatarsals shown in purple. The metatarsals are numbered from the inside out, so the first metatarsal extends to the big toe. See more at skeleton. (Entry 1 of 2) : of, relating to, or being the part of the human foot or of the hind foot in quadrupeds between the tarsus and the phalanges that in humans comprises five elongated bones which form the front of the instep and ball of the foot. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Quick definitions from Macmillan Provided by . What are synonyms for Metatarsals? Safety footwear with removable metatarsal guard. The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. A metatarsal bone fracture is a complete or incomplete break in one of the five metatarsal bones in each foot. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web. The bases of each metatarsal also articulate with each other at the intermetatarsal joints. Avulsion Fractures Avulsion fractures , sometimes called a pseudo-Jones fracture, when the tip of the bone is pulled off the fifth metatarsal by the tendon that attaches to this region. It is a common inflammatory condition occuring most frequently in the second, third and/or fourth metatarsophalangeal joints, or isolated in the first metatarsophalangeal joints. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW. The fifth metatarsal may be fractured if the foot is oversupinated during locomotion.[8]. The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes. sal. The base or posterior extremity is wedge-shaped, articulating proximally with the tarsal bones, and by its sides with the contiguous metatarsal bones: its dorsal and plantar surfaces are rough for the attachment of ligaments. The metatarsals are analogous to the metacarpal bones of the hand. Metatarsal fractures are common injuries to the foot often sustained with direct blows or twisting forces. Oblique section of left intertarsal and tarsometatarsal articulations, showing the synovial cavities. Its plantar surface is grooved antero-posteriorly for the passage of the flexor tendons, and marked on either side by an articular eminence continuous with the terminal articular surface. Various foot problems can cause symptoms similar to those of metatarsalgia. Metatarsals shown in green. This is the British English definition of metatarsal.View American English definition of metatarsal. [2] The body is prismoid in form, tapers gradually from the tarsal to the phalangeal extremity, and is curved longitudinally, so as to be concave below, slightly convex above. Metatarsalgia is named for the five metatarsal bones in the midsection of your feet that connect to your toes. To help pinpoint the source of your pain, your doctor will examine your foot while you stand and while you sit and ask about your lifestyle and activity level. Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005. The second metatarsal (os metatarsale II) is the longest metatarsal. Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes. Synonyms for metatarsal in Free Thesaurus. metatarsal. Deep dissection. Many of these fractures are easy to treat and have a favorable prognosis. Their bases also articulate with each other at the intermetatarsal joints, The metatarsal bones are often broken by association football players. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/metatarsal. You might develop it if you participate in activities that involve running and jumping. Lateral aspect. These long thin bones are located between the toes and the ankle (between the tarsal bones in the hindfoot and the phalanges in the forefoot). The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally. metatarsal: Medical dictionary [home, info] Metatarsal: Drug Medical Dictionary [home, info] (Note: See metatarsals for more definitions.) The medial side is the same side as the big toe. Metatarsals: Five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the tarsus) to the toes. In 2010 some soccer players began testing a new sock that incorporated a rubber silicone pad over the foot to provide protection to the top of the foot. Read medical definition of Metatarsal. They are numbered from 1 to 5, medial to lateral or largest to smallest. Medical Treatment. ... Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Avoid high impact activities for a while and prop up your injured foot when you can. The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes. Its fracture is very frequent in the sports field, especially in those sports that require jumping and changes in rhythm and direction (such as football and basketball). Lacking individual names, the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe): the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal (often depicted with Roman numerals). Of or relating to the metatarsal bones and the phalanges of the foot, especially the articulations between them. The part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes, having as its skeleton the five long bones (metatarsal bones) articulating posteriorly with the cuboid and cuneiform bones and distally with the phalanges. Its larger cross section is required due to the increased biomechanical stress generated by the rolling motion of the big toe. They are named by numbers and start from the medial side outward. Metatarsalgia (also known as Metatarsophalageal joint synovitis) is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region (the area just proximal the toes, more commonly referred as the ball-of-the-foot). Fractures of the first through fourth metatarsals are less common but can be associated with a Lisfranc injury. Skeleton of foot. free medical dictionary software. To relieve metatarsalgia pain, the doctor may have you: Stay off your feet. The head or distal extremity presents a convex articular surface, oblong from above downward, and extending farther backward below than above. The first metatarsal (os metatarsale I) is the shortest and most powerful metatarsal. Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes. (mĕt′ə-tär′səl) Any of the bones of the foot lying between the tarsal bones and the bones of the toes or digits (phalanges). 3 words related to metatarsal: bone, os, metatarsus. The second and third metatarsals are fixed while walking, thus these metatarsals are common sites of injury. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical… See Also. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. One of the five long bones of the foot lying beyond the TARSAL bones and articulating with the bones of the toes ( PHALANGES ). Ankle and tarsometarsal joints, showing bones of foot. Definition and synonyms of metatarsal from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Metatarsalgia (met-uh-tahr-SAL-juh) is a condition in which the ball of your foot becomes painful and inflamed. For the segment of an arthropod leg, see. Metatarsal definition, of or relating to the metatarsus, the part of the foot that includes the bones between the ankle and toes. Metastrongylus apri), Metastrongylus pudendotectus (syn. Full article >>> Metatarsal: any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes. Fortunately, at-home treatments, such as ice and rest, often relieve symptoms. Lacking individual names, the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe ): the first , second , third , fourth , and fifth metatarsal (often depicted with Roman numerals ). All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Medical Definition of metatarsal. Protection from injuries can be given by the use of safety footwear which can use built-in or removable metatarsal guards. As a unit, the five metatarsals serve as the major weight-bearing complex of the forefoot. Antonyms for Metatarsals. Yet it is quite common to have an accessory growth plate on the distal first metatarsal. Metastrongylus brevivaginatus). [1], The five metatarsals are dorsally convex long bones consisting of a shaft or body, a base (proximally), and a head (distally). Source: WordNet 2.1. Patients who sustain a Jones fracture have pain over this middle/outside area of their foot, swelling, and difficulty walking. Metatarsals are part of the bones of the mid-foot and are tubular in shape. Fifth metatarsal fracture – the fifth metatarsal is a bone located on the outer edge of the foot. It is of clinical importance because many fractures occur in this bone. "Sock boffs may have cured metatarsal woes for Rooney and Co", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Metatarsal_bones&oldid=995104304, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:58. Its sides are flattened, and on each is a depression, surmounted by a tubercle, for ligamentous attachment. [ meta- + G. tarsos, tarsus] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © … What are synonyms for metatarsal? [3], During growth, the growth plates are located distally on the metatarsals, except on the first metatarsal where it is located proximally. 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