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scoliosis medical definition

Scoliosis combined with kyphosis is called kyphoscoliosis. Neuromuscular scoliosis is due to loss of control of the nerves or muscles which support the spine. Most cases of mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis need no treatment and do not progress. Scoliosis is an abnormal curving of the spine. Meaning of scoliosis medical term. Mild curves, however, can develop without the parent or child knowing it because they appear gradually and usually don't cause pain. (407) 368-8518. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. While scoliosis has a tendency to run in families, it is not a genetic disorder. The doctor will initially take a detailed medical history and may ask questions about recent growth. Scoliosis Severity. Abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column. Of every 1,000 children, 3 to 5 develop spinal curvature that is considered severe enough to need treatment. As the skeleton matures, brace wear is gradually reduced to night-time use only. Congenital scoliosis is due to congenital abnormal formation of the bones of the spine, and is often associated with other organ defects. Mild scoliosis can be broken down further into different categories, and your doctor may have mentioned one of these as part of your diagnosis. It can be caused by congenital, developmental or degenerative problems, but most cases of scoliosis actually have no known cause called idiopathic scoliosis. It can occur at any age, and is most often noticed during adolescence when there is an accelerated growth rate and the deformity progresses to a severe curvature in a very short period of time. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. American Physical Therapy Assocation. Learn more. This type may be equivalent to the adolescent type, except for the age of onset. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. Sometimes after all the sitting my back hurts. An irreversible lateral spinal curvature that has a fixed rotation. (The lateral curvature of scoliosis should not be confused with the normal set of front-to-back spinal curves visible from the side.) Both these brace types hold the spine in a vertical position. Provisions are made to assist the adolescent and family to meet the psychosocial needs associated with the illness. Adult. (n.d.). Diagnosis for scoliosis is done by an orthopedist. scoliosis is a sample topic from the Taber's Medical Dictionary. One shoulder blade may appear more prominent than the other due to rotation. A lateral curvature of the spine. It usually consists of two curves, the original abnormal curve and a compensatory curve in the opposite direction. Curves may be as mild as 10 degrees, or as severe as 100 degrees or more. Morrow ES Jr. Allscripts EPSi. Exercise and physical fitness are of paramount importance for all individuals affected with scoliosis. Scoliosis that is caused not by actual spinal deformity but by another condition such as unequal leg lengths. In addition, alternatives such as physical therapy. This video is unavailable. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. Doctors help those with Scoliosis who are concerned about Abnormal Curvature Of The Spine: Dr. Jayaraj on medical definition of scoliosis: There are multiple reasons for scoliosis &one is known as a congenital type which is when there is a deformity of the bones ( vertebra) of the spine that one is born with & leads to an early curvature of the spine. Mr Colin Nnadi, expert spinal surgeon specialised in paediatric spinal conditions, explains more about the condition and some of the newer methods it can be treated with. Read medical definition of Scoliosis. Muscle strengthening exercises should be done daily while in and out of the brace. Scoliosis in the lumbar spine caused by tilting of the pelvis caused by a hip disorder. A child may appear to be standing with one shoulder higher than the other, or to have a tilt in the waistline. Origin. Shaughnessy WJ (expert opinion). This causes the ribs on one side of the body to stick out farther than on the other side. Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformative abnormality of the spine. (303) 287-2800; fax: (303) 287-7357. A third style, the Charleston bending brace, is used at night to bend the spine in the opposite direction. Sometimes after all the sitting my back hurts. The body is attempting to move a nerve root away from a bulging intervertebral disk herniation. It may subsequently also affect the lumbar segment, causing S-shaped scoliosis. If a curve is detected, one or more x rays will usually be taken to define the curve or curves more precisely. These abnormalities in the spine, costal-vertebral joints, and the rib cage produce a ‘convex’ and ‘concave’ hemithorax. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. There is no known way to prevent the development of scoliosis. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is not treated by bracing, since surgery is likely to be required, and since later surgery is complicated by loss of respiratory capacity. However, severe scoliosis is a painful and debilitating condition that tends to worsen with age. Less common types of scoliosis may be caused by: Risk factors for developing the most common type of scoliosis include: While most people with scoliosis have a mild form of the disorder, scoliosis may sometimes cause complications, including: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Introduction to scoliosis. Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. In this case, the degree of spine curvature is less than 20 degrees and mostly require exercise treatment. This is the category of scoliosis that medical practitioners do not believe requires treatment. Scoliosis due to weakening of the spinal muscles. During the physical exam, your doctor may have your child stand and then bend forward from the waist, with arms hanging loosely, to see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other.Your doctor may also perform a neurological exam to check for: 1. The degree of scoliosis may range from mild to severe. It can run in families. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/introduction-to-scoliosis. This article looks at the causes, symptoms, and treatment of scoliosis. Scoliosis is a condition where the spine curves from side to side. Watch Queue Queue Scoliosis in children and adolescents. Scoliosis is a condition of side-to-side spinal curves. adj.. However, it can also be present from birth or arise due to related health conditions that affect the individual, such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Scoliosis Definition. / ˌskɒl.iˈəʊ.sɪs / a condition in which there is a side to side curve of the spine Want to learn more? Girls require scoliosis treatment about five times as often. As an autosomal dominant or multifactorial trait rigid plastic to encircle the lower rib cage, and early... Loss of control of the head because of visual defects or extraocular muscle imbalance and brace should... Abnormal scoliosis medical definition it usually consists of metal uprights attached to pads at the causes symptoms. 8515 Pearl Street, Suite 350, Thornton, CO 80229 idiopathic ( of cause! Infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or wear out, due to fibrous scar tissue contraction resulting from.... 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